Smithsonian Gardener Has UConn Roots

Smithsonian Garden (James Gagliardi/Smithsonian Gardens)

SHARELINES

Alumnus James Gagliardi is a lead horticulturist for Smithsonian Gardens in Washington, D.C. (Erin Clark/Smithsonian Gardens Photo)
James Gagliardi ’05 (CAHNR) is a lead horticulturist for Smithsonian Gardens in Washington, D.C. (Erin Clark/Smithsonian Gardens Photo)

UConn alumnus James Gagliardi ’05 (CAHNR) says his garden encompasses three city blocks in the heart of Washington, D.C. He further claims that 8,000,000 visitors see his garden each year.

How can that be? Gagliardi works for Smithsonian Gardens, an integral part of the Smithsonian Institution. As a lead horticulturist, he is responsible for the landscape surrounding the National Museum of Natural History, which is the second most attended museum in the world after the Louvre. Gagliardi discussed his career in an interview for the College of Agriculture, Health, and Natural Resources’ newsletter, Naturally@UConn.

What was your major at UConn? When did you graduate? With what degree?

In the winter of 2005, I received a BS in horticulture with minors in landscape design and business administration.

What class was most useful to you?

This is hard to pick. I still use what I learned in my woody ornamental and herbaceous plant identification courses. This knowledge was most helpful when I edited a plant encyclopedia for the Smithsonian last year. My favorite class was plant propagation, which gave me great hands-on experience with plants.

What are some of your fondest memories of UConn?

Every year, I worked on the fall Hort Show as part of the Horticulture Club. This was my first taste of public display gardening, which is relevant to what I do now. In my junior year, I was president of the club and in charge of the show, which developed my leadership and organizational skills.

The Smithsonian Butterfly Habitat Garden, which Gagliardi designed. (James Gagliardi/Smithsonian Gardens Photo)
The Smithsonian Butterfly Habitat Garden, which Gagliardi designed. (James Gagliardi/Smithsonian Gardens Photo)

Please describe your current job.

As lead horticulturist for the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History, I manage the gardens and landscapes surrounding the museum just off the National Mall in Washington, D.C.

The National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. (James Gagliardi/Smithsonian Gardens Photo)
The National Museum of Natural History. (James Gagliardi/Smithsonian Gardens Photo)

Smithsonian Gardens is extending the education of our museums to the outdoors. At the Natural History Museum, I have two main gardens: the Butterfly Habitat Garden and the Urban Bird Habitat. My work includes designing the gardens for aesthetic appeal, and creating interpretative panels to explain to our visitors what they are seeing.

After President Obama released a memorandum to promote pollinators, I worked with the Office of Environmental Quality and other government agencies on Supporting the Health of Honey Bees and Other Pollinators. Many of my gardens were used to demonstrate ways to carry out the policy.

Also, I was the editor of the Smithsonian’s first gardening book, Encyclopedia of Garden Plants for Every Location, which features more than 3,000 plants.

In addition, I keep plant records, give talks on plants and gardening, provide year-round garden care, and design seasonal annual displays and permanent plantings.

Are you doing what you imagined you would be doing at this point in your life?

Yes. I always hoped to be in public horticulture that is mission-based with an educational focus. I prefer being part of a nonprofit group. However, I did not expect to be working with plants in the middle of a large city like Washington, D.C.

The Smithsonian Encyclopedia of Garden Plants, edited by James Gagliardi. (Courtesy of DK Publishing)
The Smithsonian Encyclopedia of Garden Plants, edited by James Gagliardi. (Courtesy of DK Publishing)

Do you have any advice for current students that will help them in the future?

First, take advantage of all the opportunities at UConn. Then ask for more. For example, when I did an undergraduate thesis for the honors program, I gained confidence to ask for extra projects, like working in the tissue culture lab and studying invasive plants. And secondly, use the UConn alumni network to connect with past graduates.

Is there anything else you would like us to know about you?

UConn had a big influence on my gardening style and my view of plants and sustainability. Now I am glad to be able to influence others, as they visit the gardens I manage, read the Smithsonian gardening book I edited, and benefit from the federal pollination document that I helped draft.

This article was first published in the College of Agriculture, Health, and Natural Resources’ newsletter, Naturally@UConn.